The Greek Thought on the Self-Institution of Societies, the Enlightenment and Knowledge
The end of the 18th and the early years of the 19th century see the disintegration of the great and authoritarian imperial regimes established “by the Grace of God”. The impact of the propagandists of the French Enlightenment, as well as of the German Philologists was tremendous. This impact resulted in a tidal current focusing on the ancient Greek thought asserting Freedom, Education, Equality of Rights and Self Determination that impassions not only Europe but the American continent, too. The philosophical thought and the world of ideas set their fadeless imprint on Societies. The very foundations of absolutism and colonialism are shaking. There is insistent demand for human rights and freedom of the press. Already, Rigas Ferraios has already formulated and promulgated the idea of the Direct Democracy, and its realization at the level of Central Administration, for the Balkan nations, together with the parallel development of the Value System of Isonomy, Egalitarianism and Ecumenism.
Between the 18th and the 19th centuries, two leading lights are paving the way: Governor Ioannis Capodistrias conceptualizes the vision of a united Europe of Peoples and Civilizations and realizes the necessity for a Union of African states. The Greek Revolution and the Constitution of Epidaurus reinstate, after nineteen and a half centuries, the idea for the Self-Institution of Societies, cause the enactment of a Constitution and the appointment of an Elected Governor and, for the first time in the history of Mankind, formulate a constitutional text governing the abolition of slavery. At about the same period, the Venezuelan General Francisco De Miranda, in his house lying at the foot of the Acropolis of Athens, elaborates the vision of a Great Colombia that would encompass all the regions stretching from Mexico as far as Patagonia. He drives a comeback to his country and embarks on a political and military struggle to achieve this purpose. He founds his vision on the self-determination of the indigenous Peoples and indigent colonists oppressed by the Spanish landowners and nobility. The ancient Greek thought is the ideological bedrock of his vision, too. During the same historical period, President Monroe of the United States, calls for the withdrawal of European Imperialists from the American continent and declares the right of all Greeks to freedom and self-determination. These personalities postulate Self-Determination, Freedom, Egalitarianism and Ecumenism as the constituents of an emerging world, and denounce the political barbarity of dogmatism and imperial absolutism. During the same period, the Enlightenment acts as a link between the Ionian hylozoism, “Presocratic” sophists, Alexandrian scientists and the contemporary quest for the Grand Unified Theory, leading thus to the boom of Scientific Knowledge that supersedes by far the dogmatic and theological theory of knowledge and fulfils the purport of research. Shortly afterwards, Karl Marx sets his own imprint on the way Societies are analyzed, and the world of Ideas will be a completely different one.
The primary objective of the Conference is to examine and analyze the way the visions of these great political personalities were evolved vis-à-vis the self-determination of Societies and modern international relationships. The Conference shall have a three-day duration. There will be presentations by participants from Latin America, the United Europe and Russia.
The working Conference languages are Greek and English.